CJS Research

Information-Seeking Behaviors and Other Factors Contributing to Successful Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Local Health Departments

This article describes factors that contribute to successful implementation of public health science. Health departments that are successful in implementing evidence-based practices have strong relationships and good communication channels established with their academic partner(s). Implementation of evidence-based programs was most often related to high priority community needs and the availability of resources to address these […]

Advancing the Science of Delivery: Public Health Services and Systems Research

This article provides a past and present overview perspective of public health services and systems research (PHSSR) while making the case that PHSSR can provide guidance to the public health community in addressing changes to the larger health system that impact population health. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023271

The Structure and Organization of Local and State Public Health Agencies in the U.S.: A Systematic Review

This systematic review provides a synthesis of the growing field of public health systems research related to the structure and organization of state and local governmental public health agencies. It includes an overview of research examining the influence of organizational characteristics on public health performance and health status and a summary of the strengths and […]

Public Health Law Research: Exploring Law in Public Health Systems

This article introduces Public Health Law Research as an integral part of Public Health Systems and Services Research and discusses the challenges of their integration. It gives examples of current research that demonstrate the benefits of an integrated approach to improving the use of law in public health practice. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023273 Ibrahim, J. K., […]

Composition and Duties of Local Boards of Health: Findings from a 2011 National Survey

This article describes the results of a 2011 national online and written survey of the composition and duties of local boards of health in the United States. Responses were received from 363 boards of health in 35 states and described the boards’ demographics, roles and responsibilities, orientation and training, and concerns and needs. Available online: […]

Expanding Delivery System Research in Public Health Settings: Lessons from Practice-Based Research Networks

This study examines the approaches used by public health practice-based research networks (PBRNs) to expand delivery system research and evidence-based practice in public health settings. Although some networks have already made progress in translating PBRN research findings into policy and delivery system changes, many additional opportunities exist for PBRNs to move research into meaningful public […]

Public Health Services and Systems Research: Current State of Finance Research

This article discusses the current state of public health finance research through a review of public health finance literature. It chronicles important lessons learned from public health finance research to date, discusses the challenges faced by those seeking to conduct financial research on the public health system, and discusses the role of public health finance […]

Topology of Local Health Officials’ Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps

This article discusses how a health officials’ advice network might contribute to a high-performing public health system by facilitating diffusion of innovation and best practices. Examination of regional networks and subgroup analysis showed a clumping communication pattern that largely follows state boundaries. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023286, Merrill, J., Orr, M. G., Jeon, C. Y., Wilson, R. […]

Defining Organizational Capacity for Public Health Services and Systems Research

The article describes the myriad capacity constructs within public health and other research fields and proposes an expanded conceptual model for public health systems and services research (PHSSR) that emphasizes capacity within a systems framework. Also, a list of measures has been highlighted to begin developing a capacity construct specifically for PHSSR. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023278

Developing a Taxonomy for the Science of Improvement in Public Health

The purpose of this study was to advance the science of improvement in public health departments with the objectives of establishing a taxonomy of quality improvement (QI) projects in public health, categorizing QI projects undertaken in health departments using the taxonomy, and creating an opportunity modes and effects analysis. Researchers analyzed data from 51 QI projects […]