Article

Governance Typology: A Consensus Classification of State-Local Health Department Relationships

Public health practitioners and researchers often refer to state public health systems as being centralized, decentralized, shared, or mixed. These categories refer to governance of the local public health units within the state and whether they operate under the authority of the state government, local government, shared state and local governance, or a mix of […]

Information-Seeking Behaviors and Other Factors Contributing to Successful Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Local Health Departments

This article describes factors that contribute to successful implementation of public health science. Health departments that are successful in implementing evidence-based practices have strong relationships and good communication channels established with their academic partner(s). Implementation of evidence-based programs was most often related to high priority community needs and the availability of resources to address these […]

Governing Interlocal Cooperation: City Council Interests and the Implications for Public Management

Local government managers are described as key participants in the development of interlocal cooperation, but the interests of city councils in this process have gone largely unstudied. Here, the author addresses the theoretical importance of council-manager relations in interlocal public service cooperation. The evidence refines assumptions about council-manager roles in the formation of cooperative agreements, […]

Advancing the Science of Delivery: Public Health Services and Systems Research

This article provides a past and present overview perspective of public health services and systems research (PHSSR) while making the case that PHSSR can provide guidance to the public health community in addressing changes to the larger health system that impact population health. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023271

The Structure and Organization of Local and State Public Health Agencies in the U.S.: A Systematic Review

This systematic review provides a synthesis of the growing field of public health systems research related to the structure and organization of state and local governmental public health agencies. It includes an overview of research examining the influence of organizational characteristics on public health performance and health status and a summary of the strengths and […]

Public Health Law Research: Exploring Law in Public Health Systems

This article introduces Public Health Law Research as an integral part of Public Health Systems and Services Research and discusses the challenges of their integration. It gives examples of current research that demonstrate the benefits of an integrated approach to improving the use of law in public health practice. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023273 Ibrahim, J. K., […]

Composition and Duties of Local Boards of Health: Findings from a 2011 National Survey

This article describes the results of a 2011 national online and written survey of the composition and duties of local boards of health in the United States. Responses were received from 363 boards of health in 35 states and described the boards’ demographics, roles and responsibilities, orientation and training, and concerns and needs. Available online: […]

Public Health Services and Systems Research: Current State of Finance Research

This article discusses the current state of public health finance research through a review of public health finance literature. It chronicles important lessons learned from public health finance research to date, discusses the challenges faced by those seeking to conduct financial research on the public health system, and discusses the role of public health finance […]

Topology of Local Health Officials’ Advice Networks: Mind the Gaps

This article discusses how a health officials’ advice network might contribute to a high-performing public health system by facilitating diffusion of innovation and best practices. Examination of regional networks and subgroup analysis showed a clumping communication pattern that largely follows state boundaries. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023286, Merrill, J., Orr, M. G., Jeon, C. Y., Wilson, R. […]

Multistate Assessment of Public Health Surveillance Relevant to American Indians and Alaska Natives, 2007

This article focuses on the need to strengthen relationships among the multiple jurisdictions involved in the health of American Indians and Alaska Native populations. It reports the results of an online survey of state epidemiologists assessing collaboration between state health departments and AI/AN Tribes and agencies. The report’s findings align with previous work indicating that […]