Article

Defining Organizational Capacity for Public Health Services and Systems Research

The article describes the myriad capacity constructs within public health and other research fields and proposes an expanded conceptual model for public health systems and services research (PHSSR) that emphasizes capacity within a systems framework. Also, a list of measures has been highlighted to begin developing a capacity construct specifically for PHSSR. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23023278

Lessons learned from a policy decision to coordinate a multijurisdiction H1N1 response with a single incident management team

This article provides a case review describing the creation of a single incident management team by five independent local public health agencies to respond to the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21135658

Governance Typology: A Consensus Classification of State-Local Health Department Relationships

Public health practitioners and researchers often refer to state public health systems as being centralized, decentralized, shared, or mixed. These categories refer to governance of the local public health units within the state and whether they operate under the authority of the state government, local government, shared state and local governance, or a mix of […]

Information-Seeking Behaviors and Other Factors Contributing to Successful Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Local Health Departments

This article describes factors that contribute to successful implementation of public health science. Health departments that are successful in implementing evidence-based practices have strong relationships and good communication channels established with their academic partner(s). Implementation of evidence-based programs was most often related to high priority community needs and the availability of resources to address these […]

Governing Interlocal Cooperation: City Council Interests and the Implications for Public Management

Local government managers are described as key participants in the development of interlocal cooperation, but the interests of city councils in this process have gone largely unstudied. Here, the author addresses the theoretical importance of council-manager relations in interlocal public service cooperation. The evidence refines assumptions about council-manager roles in the formation of cooperative agreements, […]

Regionalization of Local Public Health Systems in the Era of Preparedness

This article briefly examines the lessons learned from regionalization for police and fire services, and draws comparisons to public health. It includes case studies to highlight examples of regionalization outcomes related to networking, coordination, standardization, and centralization of public health services. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18348711?dopt=Abstract Koh, H.K., Elqura, L.J., Judge, C.M., & Stoto, M.A. (2008). Regionalization […]

Measuring the authority of local public health directors in the context of organizational structure: An exploratory, multimodal approach

This article examines the relationship between organizational structure and authority of local public health directors based on data collected from Minnesota local health directors. It illustrates that emerging practice-based research networks can successfully collaborate on small-scale research projects with immediate application for systems development. Study findings are reportedly being used by local public health officials […]

Reorganizations of health agencies by local government in American urban centers: What do they portend for “public health”?

This article from the 1970’s identifies the longstanding efforts to reform through reorganization of public health departments and public hospitals without addressing the underlying problems of an eroded tax base, an indifferent federal policy, and intra-professional disputes. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/327345

Public Health Legal Preparedness in Indian Country

This article provides an evidence base for understanding existing tribal health law. It discusses deficiencies in the scope and integration of tribal health laws and recommends ways to strengthen tribal public health legal preparedness. Available online: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19150897 Bryan, R. T., Schaefer, R. M., DeBruyn, L., & Stier, D. D. (2009). Public health legal preparedness in […]

Multistate Assessment of Public Health Surveillance Relevant to American Indians and Alaska Natives, 2007

This article focuses on the need to strengthen relationships among the multiple jurisdictions involved in the health of American Indians and Alaska Native populations. It reports the results of an online survey of state epidemiologists assessing collaboration between state health departments and AI/AN Tribes and agencies. The report’s findings align with previous work indicating that […]