National Indian Health Board

The National Indian Health Board represents tribal governments — both those that operate their own health care delivery systems through contracting and compacting, and those receiving health care directly from the Indian Health Service (IHS).

Available online:

It is included in the CJS Resource Library under the categories listed below. Select a link to find other resources in that category.

  • Accreditation / Essential Services: Since 2008, the National Indian Health Board has partnered with the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) in a national effort to advance public health practice in Indian Country.
  • Background / History: The mission of the National Indian Health Board is to advocate on behalf of all Tribal governments and American Indians/Alaska Natives in their efforts to provide quality health care.
  • Governance: The National Indian Health Board continually presents the Tribal perspective while monitoring federal legislation, and opening opportunities to network with other national health care organizations to engage their support on Indian health care issues.
  • Legal Issues: The National Indian Health Board has partnered with the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) to assist Tribes who would like learn more about or enact public health laws.
  • Rural / Small Jurisdictions: With 565 federally recognized tribes, each tribe is represented by Area Health Boards or when there is an area without an Area Health Board, a National Indian Health Board representative is chosen which communicates with the tribes of that area.
  • Surveillance / Data Sharing: The National Native American AIDS Prevention Center (NNAAPC) was selected as a subcontractor to the National Indian Health Board to operate the National Collaborative HIV/AIDS Awareness Project. NNAAPC and NIHB have a long history of collaboration which is evidenced by an MOU that honors the expertise of NIHB in working for the health of tribal and reservation-based communities and the experience of NNAAPC in advancing the state of HIV/AIDS prevention amongst all Native peoples.
  • Tribal Issues: Tribal governments have played a central role in advocating for the improvement of health care among American Indians and Alaska Natives. This partnership with Tribal governments is key and a foundation of the National Indian Health Board.